Lyme disease in dogs – dangerous seasonal infection
Lyme disease – one of the most common problems faced by dog owners around the world. It is caused by bacteria or spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by ticks, so it has another name – Lyme disease. By the way, another known spirochete (Trepenoma) causes syphilis.
In spring and autumn dog regularly, more often than people, are attacked by mites. Likelihood of exposure to ticks, respectively, and bites in dogs is very high due to factors such as the size (corresponding to the concentration of the vegetation tier active adult ticks and nymphs), the presence of fur, mobility, providing the possibility of contacts with ticks over large areas.
Previously Lymes disease in dogs was prevalent in the U.S. and Canada. In recent years it is widespread in Europe.
Clinical signs and symptoms of lyme disease in dogs
Lyme disease symptoms in dogs are characterized by the predominance of latent, asymptomatic (no severe symptoms of the disease). Clinical manifestations is observed, as a rule, only 5 – 20% of infected dogs, although sometimes the number can be much higher. Borrelia in a long time (years) can be stored in a human or animal, causing recurrent chronic lyme disease.
Dogs guide veterinary reviewed that chronic course of the disease can develop after a long period of time.
Lyme disease symptoms are characterized by mild fever (39.5 C). Because of joint damage the dog may limp or not to move at all, kidney problems are also possible but can be detected only by urinalysis. The pet owner may see some lymph nodes increase. Concerning nervous system so it is much less likely to affect. Lyme disease in dogs can have chronic character, but the paucity of symptoms often does not allow vet to identify the pathology in time. Diagnosis is made by blood tests.
After 30 – 60 days after the onset of clinical signs and lyme disease symptoms, the disease lesion spread to organs and tissues, which promotes the subsequent dysfunction of the latter. This stage of the disease may be characterized by decreased muscle tone, various neurological disorders, progressive muscle pain, cardiac disorders.
How to conduct lyme disease in dogs diagnostics?
Lyme disease in dogs treatment should follow only after the full diagnostic of your pet. Lyme symptoms disease in dogs detection may be difficult because of wool, so the main method of diagnosis of dogs, cats and other animals may be considered only laboratory diagnostics (optical or electron microscopy, PCR, indirect immunofluorescence).
Susceptibility to spirochetes in dogs is very high. Spirochetes or their DNA is regularly found in the tissues of dogs infected with both in nature and in the laboratory. Experimentally proved the ability of dogs to keep pathogens of Lyme bacteria and serve as a source of infection to ticks feeding on them.
Significant differences of various breeds of dogs in the clinic and in the level of seropositivity and susceptibility to Lyme disease is not revealed.
Treatment of lyme disease in dogs
In most cases lyme disease in dogs treatment is done with antibiotics. Effectiveness of the drug penicillin, cephalosporins, tetracyclines, amoxicillin has been proved thousands times. Also, it is necessary to carry pathogenic therapy. Often, the complete destruction of the agent requires long course of antibiotics – to 4 weeks. And regarding Labrador Retrievers, there is evidence that antibiotics are ineffective in these dogs Lyme disease treatment.
In the case of pathological processes in the attack of parasites on the animal, along with the use of acaricide collars and drops, veterinarians recommend the use of stimulants of metabolism. The use of such drugs will allow the animal to quickly deal with lymes disease in dogs and consequences of infection, restoring the protective functions of the body.
Prophylaxis of Lyme disease in dogs
And so, with regard to the prevention of contracting the dangerous infection, in the future there is a hope to obtain a reliable Lyme disease vaccine. Now we can only try to prevent tick infection of animals.
To protect against ticks and Lyme disease in dogs as well, can be used numerous collars and drops. All of these drugs do not have systemic effects, i.e., not absorbed into the blood and only harms your pet’s immune system.
Early in the season of mites attack (April-May) should be put on the collar, which works continuously for several months this is the primary carrier. And at the end of the season (September-October) can be recommended spray or drops on the withers, as autumn activity of parasites is shorter and chances to get symptoms of lyme disease are lower.
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