How to recognize and treat cataract in dogs
A lot of pet owners around the world face with one of the most widespread disease in their favorite – eye disease, or briefly cataract.
Cataract in dogs means clouding of the lens. The condition may be congenital or acquired, to develop in one or both eyes. Since the lens is located just behind the iris, for inspection is available only the central portion, visible through the apple of the eye.
What is cataract in dogs?
The lens focuses the beam that passes through it to the retina, the image which is transmitted to the brain. If the lens cells begin to break down, that is how you will notice cataract in dogs eyes. In this case, the lens becomes cloudy, light on the retina does not enter, and in the end it leads to tragic consequences – blindness of the pet.
The disease can be identified by a number of characteristic cataract in dogs symptoms. First, there is a change in eye color, sometimes it happens only with one eye, and that – with both eyes. Then there are milky white or blue with gray spots.
Reasons which cause cataract in dogs symptoms.
There are several reasons that can form cataract in dogs. First, it can be transferred before the eye inflammation due to an injury or as a result of infectious disease. Second, the cataract can occur in older dogs. Third, there are a number of chronic diseases, which can cause the disease, such as cataracts, often formed at the pets who are suffering from such diseases as diabetes. Another variety of cataracts – juvenile, typical for thoroughbred dog origin (huskies, poodles, cocker spaniels), often is hereditary, is distinguished from other forms of what appears in a pet in the early or very early age.
Before starting cataract in dogs treatment you should be aware of two types of juvenile cataract: absorbable and non absorbable. The first type is characterized by the fact that as soon as a clouding of the lens is removed, the animal recovered his sight.
Types of cataract in dogs
According to the degree of maturity cataract can be:
1. Initial – cataract in dogs eyes is barely noticeable, the apple of the eye responds well to light, the animal is well-versed;
2. Immature – clouding of the lens is clearly seen, the reaction of the apple of the eye to light is reduced, the animal can’t recognize his owner from a distance, poorly focused in low light and at dusk;
3. Mature – the lens is milky-white, apple of the eye is expanded, the animal is confused, falters on different things.
Characteristics of visual functions of cataract in dogs are considered only in case of defeat of both eyes. A particularly dangerous form of cataracts such as swelling, occurs when the lens begins to absorb moisture, increase in size, which can lead to rupture of the lens capsule.
Taking into account the astonishing fact that the lens material is foreign to the eyes, the interaction of particles with intraocular lens structures arise autoimmune inflammation, which often results in loss of the eye. Therefore fast growing cataract in dogs must be operated as fast as possible.
Usually cataracts in dogs eyes develop after 8 years old, but can also occur in young dogs 1 – 1.5 years. Besides cataract can be innate. In cats, the disease is much rarer. Causes of cataracts are many, but the most dangerous among them is diabetes.
Diagnosis and treatment of cataract in dogs
For the timely diagnosis, you must test your pet not only by an ophthalmologist, but also at the therapist. At the present time the animals are successfully used surgical technique of cataract extraction with implantation of artificial. In order to get to know cataract in dogs cost of surgery, turn to reliable and reputable vet clinic.
Success of cataract in dogs treatment depends on how quickly the owner will turn sick animal to the veterinarian. In any case, the treatment of cataract is done with surgery. The exception is the so-called senile cataract, which actually can not be treated conservatively. The operation is carried out using high-frequency sound waves that destroy the lens. Similar operations in 90% of cases are conducted successfully.
Before the surgery, veterinarian inspects the dog with the help of electroretinogram. In addition, the veterinarian must find out whether the dog has not progressive retinal atrophy, a hereditary eye disease.
Most importantly, every time, after conducting procedure, to care properly for the eye of your dog. Early diagnosis of cataracts in dogs – is a timely treatment of the disease, and the fastest way to recovery.
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