What are the pancreas and pancreatitis?
The pancreas is a V-shaped multifunctional organ, which located behind the stomach and produces digestive enzymes and insulin. Digestive enzymes are essential for the food absorption. As you know, insulin controls the metabolism and blood-sugar levels. Any agitation of these functions causes disease. Digestive enzymes help the dog’s body promote the digestion and absorption of food. Any inflammation of the pancreas is pancreatitis. It is caused by leak of active digestive enzymes into the pancreatic tissue. Such leakage causes various clinical signs but most pets affected by colitis and other health problems. In most severe cases pancreatitis may be fatal. Chronic pancreatitis in dogs usually occurs just the same way as it is in acute cases. In a word, canine pancreatitis is a serious disease either, acute or chronic.
The “mere” pancreatitis patient is a middle-aged or older dog and is usually overweighed. Admittedly, female dogs are slightly prevalent of this ailment in but it does occur pretty common in both sexes. A disease often strikes after big family parties or holiday meals. You’d better watch your dog if something is strange in its demeanour.
What are the symptoms of Pancreatitis in dogs?
As it was said, there are two types of pancreatitis: chronic and acute. Both forms are rather serious and can be fatal for your pet.
Most common symptoms and signs of pancreatitis in dogs include:
- Abdominal pain
Abovementioned symptoms are non-specific and could be a sign of many other health disorder cases. Anyway, if your four paws friend shows any of these symptoms, especially if it occurs all of a sudden and rather severe, you’d better show your dog to a vet immediately.
Chronic pancreatitis unfortunately provides without direct symptoms. If your pup begins to lose weight out of the blue, despite having a substantial meal and good appetite, it is a good reason to provide test the dog may have developed an exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is usually diagnosed with blood test include
Just to be on the safe side, your vet may conduct a diagnostic blood test (a specific test for diagnosis of pancreatitis).
What are the ways of treatment of Pancreatitis in dogs?
There are following ways of treatment pancreatitis in dogs:
• Pain management. A number of strong painkillers are usually prescribed by veterinarian. Common pain relievers include tramadol, morphine, Demerol, Torbugesic or Torbutrol.
• Antibiotics for treating bacterial infections that might occur during recovering period. Common antibiotics are enrofloxacin, cephalosporin or amoxicillin.
• To prevent vomiting a veterinarian may prescribe antiemetics. Common antiemetics used include metoclopramide, Thorazine and Zantac.
• Fluid Therapy includes avoiding food or water in order to pancreas can “rest” while ill. Potassium chloride will refill the electrolytes lost during dog’s diarrhea or vomiting.
Make sure you discuss all medications as well as treatment with your veterinarian. It will reduce any complications and unnecessary medications.
In severe cases, if a dog does not respond properly to treatment course or there are any complications, it may be required extended hospitalization. In such a case it will need IV nutritional support, plasma transfusions etc.
How to prevent pancreatitis in dogs?
It is impossible to prevent pancreatitis in dogs completely. Diet miscreant is one of the causes of pancreatitis in dogs. A number of following measures will help to reduce this possibility:
- follow all nutritional recommendations according to a diet for the further prevention of pancreatitis;
- prevent dog’s obesity — weight control is essential for dog as it is important for human;
- do not use high-fat diets;
- a disease can be triggered by eating table leftovers;
- make sure your pet does not have access to a bin.
A few tips about Canine Pancreatitis diet:
A “liver cleaning” diet would do best during the post-pancreatitis period. This diet includes any low fat white fish fillet, 5 cups of vegetables and potatoes. Such diet has proved extremely successful in liver damage.
Another way of feeding your dog includes a modicum of rice, boiled chicken, low fat beef, egg whites, yogurt, cooked vegetables and beef liver. It will suffice for canine pancreatitis diet.
Those who do not cook for their pets, bear in mind to select a diet with not more than 10 percent fat. Abovementioned nosh is generally good enough. If your dog accustomed to eat only canned food, which is soft and mostly water, it may trigger relapse.
A homeopathic supplement might also help to improve your dog health.
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