Lymphoma in dogs
What is lymphoma and what it cause?
Lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) — is a kind of the malignant tumor (cancer) affecting lymphatic system of an organism which, first of all, consist of lymph nodes. It’s important part of the immune system which helps to protect organism from different types of infection.
The main part of the immune system is lymphocytes. It’s a type of white blood cell that regulates and control the immune response in the body. At lymphosarcoma, lymphocytes, which caused by tumor, occupy lymph nodes and/or a various internal. It causes disturbance of theirs functions.
Lymphoma is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
There are 5 stages of lymphoma in dogs
First stage involved the tumor only one lymph node.
On the second stage several lymph nodes involved.
Third stage all of them involved (it’s the most common stage).
Fourth stage, all lymph nodes, liver, spleen, and/or anterior mediastinum in the chest involved
On the fifth stage bone marrow involved
What the main symptoms of lymphoma:
Often the lymphoma’s symptoms can be similar with the symptoms of other illnesses.
There are top 10 symptoms of lymphoma:
- enlargement of the lymph nodes (as a role it’s the first symptom)
- high temperature
- blindness (rarely)
- weight loss
How diagnose lymphoma
At the initial stage of illness, the general condition of an animal can be normal. Don’t wait and take measures. Waiting can drastically reduce the chances for long term survival. It’s important to remember that in the early stages of the lymphoma will do better with treatments. The diagnosis may include a complete blood count (CBC), chemistry profile, urinalysis, chest radiographs and abdominal radiographs.
What are the treatments?
Most dogs will die within 4-6 weeks without treatment for lymphoma. That’s why it’s important to begin treatment as soon as possible.
For treatment decisions influences several factors. Most important are staging of lymphoma, biological behavior and general condition. The chemotherapy is highly effective in treating this disease. The treatment usually includes a combination of injectable and oral drugs. Main goals of the therapy are to control the cancer and to relieve symptoms. The most popular drugs which include chemotherapy are: doxorubicin, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, prednisone, and L-Aspariginase. Practically it’s not possible to cure lymphoma for 100%, but the majority of dogs after chemotherapy will go into remission for some period (it depends on stage of lymphoma). All depends on the condition of the pet. Rarely, side effects of the chemotherapy can occur after going into remission. It can be lack of appetite, diarrhea, vomiting, a low white blood cell count. The last side effect can makes your dog more susceptible to viruses and infections.
First permission continues for 9-14 months. Unfortunately it’s harder to gain second and third remission.
What should be the diet at lymphoma?
At the cancer special diet can helps your dog keeps cancer cells at bay. You can avoid most cancer sides and prolong permission.
It’s important to restore immune system. Daily basis may include antioxidants as selenium, quercetin, Vitamin E which supports chemotherapy. Also protein is important too. Protein helps to prevent possible secondary viruses, diseases and infections of the dog. The products which contain protein are: skim milk, egg whites, lean beef, lamb, etc.
If the skin was damaged through cancer, Omega 3 and 9 fatty acids require ingredients, which will produce new tissues. Also if these fatty acids are supplemented, the body will not take nutrients from the internal as kidneys or liver.
Kidney’s failures common in dogs with cancer.
Wet food doesn’t make too much workload on the kidneys and it absorbs more easily.
Don’t buy any additives. The food must be fresh and prepared at home.
Exclude grain from food. Dogs don’t have possibility to digest grains. If you buy food for your animal, make sure that it doesn’t contain grains or it stays in the end of the list.
As we know, cancer cells feed on sugar. So don’t give food to them. Exclude such components as glucose, fructose and dextrose. Also reduce carbohydrates because they contain complex sugars.
At diet of your dog may have experience with nausea or vomiting. Consult with your veterinarian to get medication.
tapeworms in dogs